Clinical Talk: Questions and Answers About Avoiding Infection

As simple as the procedure may seem, having to undergo any surgery can be intimidating. This Covid-19 pandemicIt makes it even more stressful for patients with new health risks and protocols to follow.

while the pandemic initially subsided number outpatient surgeries Even if it was done, they returned to pre-pandemic levels, which were on the rise. former After: 13.4 million surgeries were performed in hospital-owned centers in 1995, and 19.2 million surgeries were performed in 2018.

Her common to become infected after undergoing a procedure at a surgical center or hospital. This is one of the reasons why it is important for patients to learn as much as possible to keep themselves safe before having a procedure. With this in mind, Healthy Women Dr. Dele OgunseitanProfessor of population health and disease prevention and public health at the University of California, Dr.

“To some extent, every medical procedure has a personal dimension because we are all

individuals with unique characteristics,” Ogunseitan said in an email. “However, there are some key practices that support the expertise of professionals so that the quality of care can be controlled. So the most important thing is to pay close attention to the advice of healthcare providers on how best to prepare for outpatient surgery.”

What do I need to do to prepare before I have outpatient surgery?

While every surgery is different, there are certain steps you can take. reduce your risk of getting an infectionAccording to the Association of Infection Control and Epidemiology Specialists. These include:

  • Contact your healthcare team. Be open and honest about your health and medical history, including allergies. Make sure you have a clear understanding of the procedure you’re going to do, and don’t be afraid to ask for more information if you need it.
  • Learn about drugs. Ask your healthcare provider if you should take an antibiotic after your procedure, and if so, find out why and whether you really need it. For that reason excessive use of antibiotics can cause an infection that is difficult to treat.
  • Practice good hygiene. The best hygiene practices includes careful bathing with a prescription antiseptic soap and hand washing, which is very important to reduce the chance of infection before and after the surgical procedure. Sometimes surgeons nasal spray To kill bacteria before surgery. Also, do not shave the incision area on the day of surgery and avoid using deodorant or lotion.
  • eat well: focus fruits and vegetables in the days before surgery. Avoid processed foods and alcohol.
  • Get a good night’s sleep before surgery: A bad night’s sleep before surgery is associated with more pain after the procedure.

Am I at risk of contracting an infection while in the hospital or operating room?

Surgical site infections (CAE) — infections that develop at incision sites — are the most common infections that people develop after surgery. However, the risk is relatively low: 2014 studyonly 3% of patients developed an SSI within 14 days and almost 5% developed an SSI within 30 days of outpatient surgery.

There are other infections that need attention, such as healthcare-associated infections. infectionsInfections that patients acquire in a healthcare setting that may or may not be antibiotic resistant.

Hospitals are aware of antibiotic-resistant risks healthcare-associated infections, said Ogunseitan. Healthcare providers should also follow CDCs best practices for hand washingas well as other hygiene guidelines that will reduce your chances of getting sick after surgery.

During outpatient surgery you are less likely to get infections than during inpatient surgery, but the longer you stay in any healthcare facility, the longer you will be. greater risk you have an infection.

What can I do to reduce the risk of developing an infection?

Be proactive. Don’t be afraid to ask anyone who enters your room to wash their hands, whether in a healthcare facility or convalescing at home. Also, be aware of CDCs best practices for patient safety:

  • Remind all visitors, including healthcare professionals, to wash their hands when they enter your room.
  • If healthcare professionals aren’t wearing protective gear like gowns and gloves when they should be, ask them to wear them to help prevent the spread of germs and infections.
  • Let the hospital staff clean your room.
  • Understand that healthcare professionals may want you to be tested for a germ that is resistant to antibiotics, even if there are no symptoms.
  • Talk to your HCPs about any procedure or treatment that has not taken place in the USA
  • Make sure you follow all the instructions your healthcare provider gives you before your surgery; this may vary depending on which procedure you have.

What are the signs/symptoms of an antimicrobial resistant infection?

A antimicrobial resistant (AMR) infection It is a disease that cannot be easily treated with drugs. It is only healthcare professionals who can determine whether a post-surgical infection is indeed an AMR-related infection. Your HCP should then follow CDC guidelines To treat AMR infections.

one of the first any signs of infection is a fire. This may be followed by symptoms, including:

  • swollen lymph nodes
  • Swelling or pus around the surgical site
  • Persistent nausea or vomiting
  • Confusion or lack of awareness (also called delirium)
  • Pain

If you have any of these symptoms, contact your healthcare provider immediately or go to the hospital.

What should I do if I come home and see something that worries me?

Talk to your HCP about your concerns before you leave the healthcare facility. If you come home and you don’t feel well, call them.

First of all, if you think you’re getting worse quickly, call 911 or ask a loved one to drive you to the hospital.

“Some infections can progress very quickly, and it’s better to be careful than sorry,” Ogunseitan said. Said.

What information do I need from providers about home care after surgery to prevent infections?

before surgery ask your healthcare professional:

  • Whether you will need any special equipment when you get home
  • When can you return to work
  • When you can start exercise or any other physical activity
  • Are there any other restrictions you must comply with

Additionally, follow all instructions provided by your HCP, including specific instructions on how to take care of your health. surgical incision. Depending on the procedure, these may include:

  • Always wash your hands and maintain good hygiene practices.
  • Do not start physical activities until your healthcare professional says it is appropriate.
  • make sure you have understandable on how to care for your wound.
  • Make sure that someone helping you clean or replace a bandage on your incision is following proper hygiene practices.

Ogunseitan stressed that it is your responsibility to follow these instructions, but if you are unclear about what to do or think you have made a mistake, talk to your Health Care Professional for help as soon as possible.

This resource was created with the support of Pfizer Inc.

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